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Who Owns Big Media
The media landscape is dominated by massive corporations that, through a history of mergers and acquisitions, have concentrated too much control in too few hands. This leads to a lack of diversity of voices, programming that is out of touch with local concerns and increasingly commercial and homogenized news and entertainment. Further consolidation will produce media in which only the powerful few will be heard.
The chart at StopBigMedia.com maps out the control the six most concentrated giants exert over all forms of news, entertainment and information.
Click on these links to view information on conglomerates that control:
Below is a sample of some of the information you'll find at StopBigMedia.com:
2006 revenues: $163.4 billion
General Electric media-related holdings include television networks NBC Universal and Telemundo, Universal Pictures, Focus Features, 38 television stations in the U.S., and cable networks such as MSNBC, Bravo and the Sci Fi Channel.
Television networks: NBC Networks, Telemundo.
Cable: A&E, History Channel (part), NBC Entertainment, NBC News, NBC Sports, NBC Television, NBC Universal, CNBC (Arbia, India, Asia, Europe), MSNBC, Bravo, Mun2TV, Sci Fi Channel, Sundance Channel (part), Trio, Telemundo, USA, Universal HD, and Weather Plus
Production and distribution companies: NBC Universal Television Studio, NBC Universal Television Distribution.
38 Television stations in 23 markets, owned under the "NBC Universal" division. These include NBC affiliates, Univision affiliates, and a small number of independents. (A current list resides here)
International Channels: 13eme Rue (France), 13th Street (Germany), Calle 13 (Spain), Sci Fi Channel UK, Studio Universal (Germany), Studio Universal (Italy), Universal Channel (Latin America), CNBC Asia, and CNBC Europe.
Programming: NBC Network News, The Today Show, NBC Nightly News with Brian Williams, Dateline NBC, Meet the Press, Early Today, CNBC, Squawk Box, Mad Money, Tim Russert, CNBC World, CNBC Arabia, CNBC-India TV-18, Hardball with Chris Matthews, Rita Cosby: Live and Direct, Scarborough Country, A&E [part], The History Channel [part], The Sundance Channel [part]
Production: NBC Universal (80% ownership): Universal Pictures, Focus Features, Rogue Pictures. Universal has production agreements with Imagine Entertainment, Jersey Films, Tribeca Films, Shady Acres, The Kennedy/Marshall Company, Playtone Company, Strike Entertainment, Type A Films, Depth of Field, Stephen Sommers and Working Title Films (Europe)
Distribution: Universal Studios Home Entertainment.
Magazines: SciFi Magazine
CNBC.com, MSNBC.com, NBC.com, iVillage, Scifi.com, msn.com, and telemundo.com
Military Production: Manufactures and maintains engines for the F-16 Fighter jet, Abrams tank, Apache helicopter, U2 Bomber, Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV), A-10 aircraft, and numerous military equipment including planes, helicopters, tanks, and more.
Parks: Universal Studios Theme Parks and Resorts (Orlando, FL; Hollywood, CA; Costa Durada, Spain; Universal City, Japan).
Consumer Products: NBC Stores, ShopNBC.
2006 revenues: $34.3 billion
The Walt Disney Company owns the ABC Television Network, numerous cable networks including ESPN, The Disney Channel, SOAPnet, A&E and Lifetime, 72 radio and 10 television stations, music and book publishing companies, production companies such as Touchstone, Miramax and Walt Disney Pictures, and six theme parks around the world.
Disney Media Networks, a company whose holdings include:
The ABC Television Network: ABC Entertainment, ABC Daytime, ABC News, ABC Sports, ABC Television, ABC Kids, and Touchstone Television.
Cable Networks: ESPN, ESPN2, ESPN Classic, ESPNEWS, ESPN PPV, ESPN Deportes, ESPN International, ESPN Classic Sport Europe, ESPN Latin America, ESPN Asia, ESPNU, ESPN2 HD, Disney Channel (cable and satellite), International Disney Channels, Toon Disney, SOAPnet, ABC Family Channel, JETIX Europe, JETIX Latin America, A&E Television Networks (37.5% equity; includes A&E, The History Channel, The Biography Channel, History International, A&E International), Lifetime Entertainment Services (50% equity; includes Lifetime Television, Lifetime Movie Network, Lifetime Real Women, Lifetime Radio for Women, Lifetime Home Entertainment), E! Networks (39.6% equity; includes E! Entertainment Television, The Style Network), Buena Vista Television, Walt Disney Television
10 television stations in 10 markets. For an official list, please see their corporate web site (flash is required).
Programming: Good Morning America, World News Tonight, World News Now, 20/20, Primetime, This Week With George Stephanopoulos
As of late 2005, Disney Media Networks owned 72 radio stations. For an official list, please visit their corporate web site.
As of February 6, 2006: Citadel Broadcasting purchased Disney's 22 ABC radio stations and the ABC Network, which includes over 4,800 affiliated stations. Disney will keep its Radio Disney and ESPN networks.
Magazines: Family Fun, ESPN The Magazine, Buena Vista Magazines
Wonder Time, and Disney Adventures
Music: Buena Vista Music Group distributes music and motion picture soundtracks under its four labels: Walt Disney Records, Hollywood Records, Buena Vista Records, Lyric Street Records.
Books: Disney Publishing, a subsidiary of the Company, owns Hyperion Books, Hyperion Books for Children, Disney Press, Disney Editions, and Disney Adventures, Mirimax, ESPN books, ABC Daytime Press, Hyperion East, Hyperion Audiobooks, Volo, Jump at the Sun, Disney Libri (Italy)
Disney Hachette JV (France)
Production and Distribution: Walt Disney Pictures (includes Walt Disney Feature Animation and DisneyToon Studios), Touchstone Pictures, Miramax Films, Hollywood Pictures, Buena Vista International, Buena Vista Home Entertainment, Buena Vista Home Entertainment International, and Buena Vista Theatrical Group (includes Disney Theatrical Productions and Disney Live Family Entertainment). Disney will soon acquire Pixar Animation Studios.
The Walt Disney Internet Group includes:
Disney Online has partnered with Comcast, Adelphia, Mediacom and Verizon to offer Disney Connection, a games and entertainment service, with regular internet service at no additional charge.
Parks and Resorts: Disneyland (CA), Walt Disney World Resort (FL), Disneyland Resort Paris, Tokyo Disney Resort, Hong Kong Disneyland, Disney Cruise Line, and DisneyVacation Club, Euro Disney, Walt Disney World (separate from Resort), Magic Kingdom, EPCOT, WD Studio Park
WD Tokyo, Sea Disney-MGM Studios, Disney Animal Kingdom, and ESPNZone.
Consumer Products: Disney Hardlines, Disney Softlines, Disney Toys, Buena Vista Games, The Baby Einstein Company, Muppets Holding Company, Disney Direct Marketing's catalog and website (DisneyShopping.com) and Disney Stores.
Disney has paired with Sprint Nextel Corp to launch the cellular service Disney Mobile. They also own Mobile ESPN.
2006 revenues: $25.3 billion
News Corporation, one of the largest media conglomerates in the world, owns The Fox Broadcasting Company, television and cable networks such as Fox, National Geographic and FX, 37 television stations, print publications including The New York Post and TVGuide, book publisher HarperCollins, film production companies 20th Century Fox, Fox Searchlight Pictures and Blue Sky Studios, and the National Rugby League.
Networks: Fox, STAR (satellite television in Asia), Fox Movie Channel, Fox News Channel, Fox College Sports, Fox Sports Enterprises, Fox Regional Sports Networks (14 owned and operated), Fox Sports En Espanol, Fox Sports Net, Fox Sports Net Bay Area (40%), Fox Soccer Channel, Fox Reality, Fox Pan American Sports (38%), Premier Media Group (Australia 50%), Premium Movie Partnership (Australia 20%), Cine Canal (Latin America 23%), Telecine (Latin America 13%), FUEL TV, FX, National Georgraphic Channel (US 67% and Worldwide 50%), SPEED Channel, National Sports Partners, National Advertising Partners, My Network TV, Fox Television Studios
37 U.S. Stations in 28 markets as of May, 2006. For an official list, please see their corporate website.
Europe: SKY Italia includes Sky Soprt, Calcio Sky, Sky Cinema, Sky TG 24; British Sky Broadcasting (37%) includes Sky News, Sky Sports, Sky Travel, Sky One, Sky Movies
Latin America:Sky Latin America DBS Platforms include Mexico (Innova 30%) and Brazil (Sky Brasil 50%), Irect TV Latin America
Asia:Space TV (India DBS 20%), Phoenix Satellite Television (38%), Hathway Cable and Datacom (26%), China Network Systems (17 affiliated cable systems), BskyB, DIRECTTV, SKY Italia, FOXTEL (25%, Australia's leading subscription television provider).
United States: DIRECTV Group (34%)
Programming: Special Report with Brit Hume, Fox Report with Shepard Smith, On the Record With Greta Van Susteren, Fox News Sunday, The O’Reilly Factor, Hannity and Colmes
13 Magazines: Big League, InsideOut, donna hay, News America Marketing (In-Store, FSI (SmartSource), SmartSource iGroup, News Marketing Canada), Alpha, The Weekly Standard, Gemstart — TV Guide International, Inc.(41%), The Weekend Australian Magazine, sundaymagazine, body + soul, STM (WA), home, TVGuide, News Custom Publishing, News Magazine (Autralia) Herald and Weekly Times (Australia)
Australia/Asia: More than 110 titles including: Daily Telegraph, Fiji Times, Nai Lalakai, Shanti Dut, Gold Coast Bulletin, Herald Sun, Newsphotos, Newspix, Newstext, NT News, Post-Courier (63%), Sunday Herald Sun, Sunday Mail, Sunday Tasmanian, Sunday Times, Sunday Territorian, The Advertiser, The Australian, The Courier-Mail, The Mercury, The Sunday Mail, The Sunday Telegraph, Weekly Times, The Weekend Australian, MX, Brisbane News, Northern Terrirory News, Cumberland (NSW), Leader (VIC), Quest (QLD), Messenger (SA), Community (WA), Darwin Sun/Palmerson Sun (NT).
United Kingdom: News of the World, The Sun, The Sunday Times, The Times, Times Education Supplement, Times Higher Ed. Supplement, Times Literary Supplement, TSL Education, News Intl
United States: New York Post, Nursery World
Books: HarperCollins Publishers, ReganBooks, Zondervan.
Production and Distribution: Fox Filmed Entertainment: 20th Century Fox Film Corporation, Fox 2000 Pictures, 20th Century Fox Espanol, 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment, 20th Century Fox Licensing and Merchandising, 20th Century Fox International, 20th Century Fox Television, Fox Television Studios, 20th Television, Regency Television (50%), Blue Sky Studios, Fox Searchlight Pictures, Fox Music, Fox Studios Australia, Fox Studios Baja (Latin America), Canal Fox (Latin America), Balaji Telefilms (26%, Asia), Fox Studios LA. 20 Cent Fox Animation
Stations: Radio Veronica (Netherlands), Classic FM (Netherlands), Sky Radio Denmark, Sky Radio Germany, Sky Radio Netherlands. Sky radio (93%).
Fox Interactive Media, a newly formed unit of News Corp., manages Fox’s online holdings. In 2005 alone, this division spent $1.4 billion on young Internet companies. Its holdings include Scout.com (a college sports site), MySpace.com, ign.com (internet gaming), Simply Hired (an online job search site), FoxSports.com, Fox News.com, Fox.com, Intermix, MyLegue.com, CasesLadder.com, FlowGo.com, Grab.com, IGN.com, IGN.com.au, NYPost.com, MSN.Foxsports.com, WeeklyStandard.com, Scout.com, Broadsystem.com, NewsOptimus.co.uk, NewsOutdoor.com
Fox is also now offering a mobile entertainment package called Mobizzo on Cingular and T-Mobile phones.
International media companies: News Limited (Australia), News Optimus Ltd. (in UK).
Outdoor advertising: News Outdoor.
Sports: National Rugby League, Stats, Inc..
Nursery World, Stats, Inc., Gemstar-TV Guide International, Inc. (41%)
Europe: NDS (76%), Broadsystem Ventures, Convoys Group, News Outdoor Group (75%), Balkan News Corporation
Australia and New Zealand: News Interactive, Sky Network Television Limited (44%).
2006 revenues: $14.3 billion
CBS Corporation owns the CBS Television Network, UPN, Showtime, book publisher Simon & Schuster, 41 television stations, Infinity (now CBS) Radio, Inc., and theme parks such as Paramount's Kings Dominion.
Networks: CBS Television Network, UPN, Showtime Networks, Inc. (SNI) owns Showtime, The Movie Channel, Flix, Showtime Too, Showtime Showcase, Showtime Extreme, Showtime Beyond, Showtime Next, Showtime Women, Showtime Familyzone, TMC XTRA, Showtime HD, The Movie Channel HD, Showtime on Demand, Sundance Channel (joint venture, SNI owns 30%), Showtime PPV, CBS Entertainment, CBS News, CBS Sports, CSTV Networks, Inc.
CBS Television Stations Group: consists of 41 stations in 27 markets, featuring affiliates of CBS, UPN, WB and a small number of independents as of the end of 2005. (A search tool for stations can be found at their corporate web site. An overview can be found here.)
Programming: The Early Show, 60 Minutes, 48 Hours, Face the Nation, CW Network (50% with Time Warner), CBS Paramount TV, Spelling Television, King World.
Subsidiary Infinity Radio, Inc. (to be re-branded CBS Radio) owns 178 radio stations as of the end of 2005. A full list is available via their corporate web site. CBS also owns the CBS Radio Network
Simon & Schuster: Atria Books, Kaplan, Pocket Books, Scribner, Simon & Schuster, The Free Press, The Touchstone, Fireside Group
Simon & Schuster Children's Publishing: Aladdin Paperbacks, Atheneum Books for Young Readers, Little Simon, Margaret K. McElderry Books, Simon & Schuster Books for Young Readers, Simon Pulse, Simon Spotlight
Other Publishing: Simon & Schuster New Media, Simon & Schuster Online, Simon & Schuster UK, Simon & Schuster Australia, MTV Books
Internet: CBS Digital Media Group, CBS.com, CBSNews.com, UPN.com, SportsLine.com, NFL.com, NCAAsports.com, PGATour.com, Sho.com, Innertube, CSTV.com
Theme parks: owns Paramount's Carowinds, Paramount's Great America, Paramount's Kings Dominion, Paramount's Kings Island, Paramount's Canada's Wonderland, CBS Outdoor, CBS Consumer Products, and Star Trek: The Experience (themed attraction at Las Vegas Hilton) and manages Bonfante Gardens horticultural theme park (Gilroy, CA) and CBS Television City at the MGM Grand Hotel & Casino (Las Vegas, NV).